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替换城市 Principle and influencing factors of special UV curing defoamer agents for paints(2)




Good paint defoamers not only have a good defoaming effect in paint systems, but also maintain defoaming ability at room temperature and under heating environments. In addition, it cannot be compatible with foam system. If the compatibility is good, it will help to produce foam. While the paint UV curing defoamer has good dispersibility in the foaming system, specifically refers to the uniform and smooth diffusion of the defoamer on the surface, which can cover the foam to achieve the elimination effect. Its working principle is to reduce the surface tension of the liquid around the foam, so that small foam can gather into large foam, and finally foam will burst.

Influencing factors of special defoaming agents for paints:

Stability factors of foam
The direct cause of foam is the presence of surfactant, which reduces the surface tension of the solution. Under the combined effect of this reason and the attenuation mechanism of foam, different foam systems show different stability properties, which are mainly related to the following factors: the surface tension of foaming solution, the surface viscosity of foam, the viscosity of solution, the self-healing effect of surface tension (i.e. Gibbs surface elasticity and Marangoni effect) "The surface double layer repulsion and entropy repulsion forces of liquid membranes, the hydrophobic end structure of surfactants, and the steric hindrance effect are not independent factors, and changes in one factor can cause other factors to also change.". The most important factors affecting the stability of foam are the elasticity of the liquid film and the liquid discharge rate. From this perspective, it can be seen that the main factors affecting the stability of foam are different in different foam systems, and sometimes several factors exist at the same time and work together.
In addition to the above factors, some other factors will also affect the stability of foam, such as the size of foam, the coordination of solute and solvent, temperature, pH value, the evaporation rate of solvent, the impact degree of foam and the adsorption rate of surfactant





surface tension


Defoaming agents should have the following properties: ① strong defoaming power and low dosage; ② Adding to the foaming system does not affect the basic properties of the system, i.e. does not react with the defoaming system; ③ Low surface tension; ④ Good balance with the surface; ⑤ Good heat resistance; ⑥ Good diffusion and permeability, high positive spreading coefficient; ⑦ Chemical stability, strong oxidation resistance; ⑧ Good gas solubility and permeability; ⑨ Low solubility in foaming solutions; ⑩ No physiological activity, high safety.

替换城市  The level of coating surface tension has a significant impact on defoaming agents. The surface tension of defoaming agents is lower than that of coatings, otherwise they cannot have defoaming and antifoaming effects. The surface tension of a coating is a variable factor, so when selecting defoamers, it is necessary to maintain a constant surface tension, taking into account the surface tension variation factor.


Effects of other additives

Most surfactants used in coatings tend to be functionally incompatible with UV curing defoamer. In particular, emulsifiers, wetting and dispersing agents, leveling agents, thickeners, etc. can have an impact on the effectiveness of defoamers. Therefore, when coordinating various additives, it is necessary to pay attention to the relationship between different additives and select a good balance point.